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Magohalmi & Seoguhwanghu: Goddess of the Earth/Creatrix & Luck

Magohalmi is also known as Seoguhwanghu. They are two sides of the same coin, and where most people have heard of Magohalmi as the Earth Goddess, none have really heard of Seoguhwanghu as the Fox Empress. From here on, Magohalmi will be named when speaking of the Goddess of the Earth and Creator, and Seoguhwanghu as the supreme Goddess of heaven & luck.

It is thought in certain regions that the people of the Bear tribe were Han people who began the Korean nation and the people of the Fox tribe were indigenous Korean people who began the Korean nation. In my lineage, Ungnyeo (Bear Woman) and Seoguhwanghu (Fox Empress) coexisted side by side.

Ungnyeo was the bear who transformed into a human woman, became queen, and was the progenitor of Korean people. Similarly, Seoguhwanghu ruled over nine regions as a matriarch before Gojoseon, and the tails of the nine tailed fox represented each of the nine regions, unifying under one body. She can be seen as the progenitor of the Korean people also, as she was a gumiho who transformed into a human woman, and then became empress. Other lineages view Magohalmi as the tiger rather than the nine tailed fox, and purely as the creator o the earth.

Seoguhwanghu, Gukripgeukjang.

There are a lot of negative stereotypes regarding our nine tailed foxes (gumiho). These depictions came from patriarchal class systems to further stigmatize and discredit matriarch rulers and their political power. In ancient Korea, they were originally seen as auspicious, helpful, and high ranking like dragons.

Seoguhwanghu is the supreme goddess of all. She is simultaneously the creatrix who created the land of Korea (a few different ways this story is told, depending on region) as Magohalmi and the nine tailed fox transformed as a woman who became the empress of heaven and the originator of the Korean people as Seoguhwanghu.

Seoguhwanghu rules over the heavenly fairies, longevity, and luck. It is important to remember she presides over heavenly disasters and punishments, and should be treated as such. Magohalmi can be given offerings and worshiped outside, anywhere, with a white candle and freshly cooked rice. Seoguhwanghu must be found through a mudang's shrine.

Epithets (as Seoguhwanghu):

  • The Beautiful Empress

  • Empress of Heaven

  • Empress of Earth

  • She Who Is Among Foxes

  • The Nine Tailed Empress

  • One Who Unites Nine

  • She Who Unites Nine

  • Empress of All

  • She Who Commands All

  • She Who Brings Beauty

  • She Who Creates Joy

  • She Who Controls Fortune

  • She Who Guides Fortune

  • She Who Brings Disaster

  • She Who Creates Destruction

  • The Divine Ruler of All

Epithets (as Magohalmi):

  • The Great Mother

  • The Great Grandmother

  • She Who Creates

  • She Who Brings Forth Life

  • She Who Creates Life

  • Mother of All

  • The Divine Mother of All

  • She Who Has Joy

  • She Who Sees No Waste

  • Grandmother Earth

  • She Who Begins

  • She Who Ends


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