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P'ungbaek, Sondol, Yeongdeung: The 3 Gods of Wind

Updated: Apr 25, 2023

Most people are familiar with Yeongdeung, the Grandmother of Wind. She is primarily a Jeju god that became immensely popular in the mainland regions as well (primarily the coastal front regions).


Before the worship of Yeongdeunghalmi took off in the mainland, the primary wind gods for certain regions were P'ungbaek or Sondol. The wind god as a general figure is P'ungshin (usually seen as a woman).


Hwanung (God of Heaven) came to earth with P'ungbaek (God of Wind) in order to help humanity with their agriculture and to stop fires from spreading in the wind. He is often viewed as an elderly man, with an open-splayed fan made of feathers.


P'ungbaek, DONGAILBO.


Sondol was said to have become a wind god due to dying unfairly, and is the one behind monsoons, especially in the autumn season.


All tend to be laypeople accessible, but shrines are not kept for them typically. Yeongdeung only visits 1-3x a year (at which time, laypeople and mudang alike will hold rituals for her), and the wind gods never stay in one place. So it is best to give offerings during a time you are experiencing a lot of winds outside!


Epithets as P'ungbaek:

  • He Who Spreads the Grains

  • He Who Gives Bounty

  • He Who Blesses the Nation

  • He Who Grants Prosperity

Epithets as Sondol:

  • Noble Sailor

  • Sailor Who Receives Justice

  • He Who Has a Grudge

  • He Who Brings His Grudge

  • He Who Desires Justice

Epithets as Yeongdeung:

  • Great Grandmother Who Visits

  • Grandmother Wind

  • She Who Brings Cold Winds

  • She Who Commands the Wind

  • She Who is Stern


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